Question: How Is The Senate And The House Of Representatives Similar And Different?

Do the Senate and House of Representatives have equal power?

To balance the interests of both the small and large states, the Framers of the Constitution divided the power of Congress between the two houses.

Every state has an equal voice in the Senate, while representation in the House of Representatives is based on the size of each state’s population..

What is the most important power of the President of the United States?

The President is both the head of state and head of government of the United States of America, and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. Under Article II of the Constitution, the President is responsible for the execution and enforcement of the laws created by Congress.

Who makes up House of Representatives?

The House of Representatives is made up of 435 elected members, divided among the 50 states in proportion to their total population. In addition, there are 6 non-voting members, representing the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and four other territories of the United States.

Why do we need a Senate?

The framers of the Constitution created the United States Senate to protect the rights of individual states and safeguard minority opinion in a system of government designed to give greater power to the national government.

How do Senate and House reconcile bills?

The House and Senate still must pass an identical bill and present that bill to the president. The president can sign the bill into law or veto it, and Congress can override the president’s veto with a two-thirds majority vote in both houses of Congress.

What happens if different versions of the same bill pass the House of Representatives and the Senate?

The bill is voted on. If passed, it is then sent to the other chamber unless that chamber already has a similar measure under consideration. … If the House and Senate pass the same bill then it is sent to the President. If the House and Senate pass different bills they are sent to Conference Committee.

Why are the requirements stricter for senators than representatives?

The requirements for serving in the senate are stricter because they must be at least 30 years old, have been U.S. citizens for 9 years, and live in the state they represent. The house of representatives must be at least 25 years old, live in the state where they were elected and have been U.S. citizens for 7 years.

What do you call someone who is in the House of Representatives?

The upper house is called the Senate, and the lower house is called the House of Representatives. Men and women who belong to the House of Representatives are called representatives. They may also be called congressmen or congresswomen. The number of senators in Congress is spelled out in the Constitution.

How many US Senators are there?

The Constitution prescribes that the Senate be composed of two senators from each State (therefore, the Senate currently has 100 Members) and that a senator must be at least thirty years of age, have been a citizen of the United States for nine years, and, when elected, be a resident of the State from which he or she …

Why does each state have two senators quizlet?

Today, each of the 50 states elects two senators to serve in the Senate. … The Framers of the Constitution hoped the smaller Senate would be a more responsible body than the House. They reinforced that hope by giving senators a longer term than the representatives. A representative’s term is only two years.

How is the Senate and the House of Representatives similar and different quizlet?

In what ways are the Senate and the House of Representatives similar and different? legislative branch, make laws, meet at same time. requirements, size, length of terms, who they represent leaders. Because senators serve longer terms, represent a larger area, and are fewer in number than Representatives.

Is the Senate more powerful than the House of Representatives?

The Senate is widely considered both a more deliberative and more prestigious body than the House of Representatives due to its longer terms, smaller size, and statewide constituencies, which historically led to a more collegial and less partisan atmosphere.

What is one difference between the Senate and the House quizlet?

Members of the House of Representatives serve two-year terms and are considered for reelection every even year. Senators however, serve six-year terms and elections to the Senate are staggered over even years so that only about 1/3 of the Senate is up for reelection during any election.

Why does the state have two senators?

According to Article I, Section 3 of the Constitution, “The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each state, chosen by the legislature thereof for six Years.” The framers believed that in electing senators, state legislatures would cement their ties with the national government.

What happens to a bill after Congress votes and it passes both the Senate and the House of Representatives?

A two-thirds vote or greater is needed in both the House and the Senate to override the President’s veto. If two-thirds of both houses of Congress vote successfully to override the veto, the bill becomes a law. If the House and Senate do not override the veto, the bill “dies” and does not become a law.

What is the difference between the Senate and the House of Representatives?

Members of the House of Representatives serve two-year terms and are considered for reelection every even year. Senators however, serve six-year terms and elections to the Senate are staggered over even years so that only about 1/3 of the Senate is up for reelection during any election.

What are the four powers of the Senate?

Powers & ProceduresNominations. The Constitution provides that the president “shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Judges of the Supreme Court, and all other Officers of the United States… … Treaties. … Filibuster and Cloture. … Investigations.

What does the motion to concur mean?

It is to be noted that the phrase ”a motion to recede and concur with an amendment” is a term of art in par- liamentary parlance and refers to a motion that the House recede from its disagreement to a Senate amend- ment and concur therein with a fur- ther House amendment.